AerMet® 100 - AMS 6532

AerMet® 100 is an ultra-high strength type of martensitic (a very hard form of steel crystalline structure) steel alloy. Is was developed in response to a need for a stronger and tougher material with superior fracture toughness and ductility. The alloy possesses a minimum tensile strength of 280 ksi (1930 MPa) and a minimum fracture toughness of 100 Ksi/in. AerMet is weldable requiring no preheating. Since it is not a corrosion resistant alloy, it must be sealed if used in a moist environment. The exceptional properties of hardness, FTT, tensile strength and ductility make this alloy a candidate for application such as landing gear, armor, fasteners, actuators, ordnance, jet engine shafts, drive shafts and structural tubing. AerMet 100 may be considered for use up to about 800° F (427° C).

AerMet 100 Steel
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ADVANTAGES OF AerMet 100 ALLOY:

Excellent Mechanical Properties

  • hardness and strength
  • exceptional ductility and toughness
  • high fracture toughness
  • excellent fatigue and stress corrosion cracking resistance
  • high fatigue strength
  • Excellent Workability

  • good weldability requiring no preheating
  • excellent polishability
  • readily formed
  • Advantages During Application

  • highest combination of strength and toughness vs other steels
  • designed for overstressed application
  • Common Specifications:

  • AMS 6532
  • MIL HDBK-5
  • McDonnell Douglas MMS 217
  • Chemical Composition:


    SymbolElementNominal %
    CCarbon0.23
    CoCobalt13.40
    CrChromium3.10
    NiNickel11.10
    MoMolybdenum1.20
    TiTitanium.05 max
    FeIronBalance

    Physical Properties:


    Property
    Density, lb /in3.285
    Modulus of Elasticity28.2 x 103 ksi
    Electrical Resistivity70.0° F259.0 ohm-cir-mil/ft
    Critical TemperatureAC1 - 1065° FAC3 - 1525° F
    Mean Co of Thermal ExpansionAnnealedHeat Treated
    600.0° F6.01 x 10-6 in/in/° F6.08 x 10-6 in/in/° F


    Heat Treatment:

    Decarburization

    Like other carbon bearing high strength alloys, AerMet 100 alloy is subject to decarburization during hardening. Heat treatment should take place in a neutral atmosphere furnace, salt bath or vacuum. Decarburization should be determined by comparing the surface and internal hardness of a small test cube for proper response. Metallographic determination of decarburization is not recommended for this alloy.

    Normalizing

    AerMet 100 alloy can be normalized by heating to 1650° F (899° C) holding for one hour and air cooling to room temperature. Optimum softening for machining is obtained by following the 1650° F (899° C) normalize with a 16 hour 1250° F (677° C) overage anneal.

    Annealing

    AerMet 100 alloy is softened by using a 1250° F (677° C) overage anneal for 16 hours. The optimum annealed hardness of 40 HRC maximum is obtained following this anneal.

    Solution Treatment

    The solution treatment temperature range is 1625° F+/-25° F (885° C +/-14° C) for 1 hour. The solution treatment temperature must be monitored by a thermocouple attached to the load.

    Quenching

    Water quenching is not recommended. Proper quenching practice is essential for AerMet 100 alloy. The alloy should be cooled from the solution treatment temperature to 150° F (66° C) in 1 to 2 hours to develop optimum properties. Individual sections larger than 2" diameter to 1" thick (plate) must b quenched with oil in order to obtain 150° F (66° C) in 1 to 2 hours. Individual sections up to 2" diameter or 1" thick (plate) will air cool to 150° F (66° C) in 1 to 2 hours. The cooling rate of the furnace load must be monitored by a thermocouple attached to the hottest spot in the load to insure that the 2 hour cool to 150° F (66° C) is obtained.

    Cold Treatment

    Following cooling to room temperature, to obtain the full toughness capability AerMet 100 alloy should be cooled to -100° F (-73° C) and held for 1 hour. The parts can then be air warmed.

    Straightening

    AerMet 100 alloy exhibits minimal size change during heat treatment; however, for some parts, mechanical straightening to compensate for distortion during heat treatment is appropriate. Prior to straightening, a low temperature stress relief at 350/400° F (482/204° C) for 5 hours following the refrigeration operation will provide an optimal combination of ductility and yield strength for the mechanical straightening operation.

    Age

    The standard aging treatment for AerMet 100 alloy is 900° F +/- 10° F (482° C +/- 6° C) for 5 hours. Parts made from AerMet 100 alloy should never be aged at a temperature below 875° (468° C).

    Aging TemperatureHRC
    As hardened51.0/53.0
    875° F (468° C) 5 hrs54.5/55.5
    900° F (482° C) 5 hrs53.0/54.0
    925° F (496° C) 5 hrs51.0/52.5


    AerMet is a registered trademark of CRS Holdings, Inc., a subsidiary of Carpenter Technology Corporation.